The benefits of eating slowly: Metabolic syndrome

Starting at the age of 50, eating fast is a risk factor.

Definition of Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome refers to a set of physiological signs that increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke.

Metabolic syndrome

3 of the following 5 symptoms

Correlation risque du syndrôme métabolique et la vitesse d’alimentation

Since 2009, several studies * (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) have been published that correlate the risk of metabolic syndrome with eating speed. One of these studies, conducted in Japan, even covers a population of 56,865 participants. Eating speed is significantly and positively correlated with the risk of metabolic syndrome.

In 2017, another publication looked at the evolution of populations of 1,083 individuals over 5 years. At the age of 50, at the end of their studies, the participants were 50 years old.

  • Fast eater: 11.6% were at risk of metabolic syndrome
  • Moderately fast eaters: 6.5% were at risk of metabolic syndrome
  • Slow Eaters: 2.3% were at Risk of Metabolic Syndrome

In 5 years, from 50 years to 55 years, proportion of people who are at risk of metabolic syndrome.

Links to international studies

  1. Eating more slowly may be a crucial lifestyle change to help prevent metabolic syndrome (Japan, 2017, 1 083 adults > 50 years)
  2. Eating rate was significantly and positively associated with metabolic syndrome. (Japan, 2014, 56 865 participants)
  3. Compared with the slow eating rate group (>15 min), the fastest eating rate group (<5 min) had significantly increased odds ratios for cardiometabolic risk factors (Corea, 2013, 8 755 adults).
  4. Eating quickly had a significantly greater association with-risk of metabolic syndrome (Japan, 2013, 4 912 adults)
  5. Both eating until feeling full and eating rapidly increase metabolic risk factors (Japan, 2011, 13 195 adults)
  6. The group with metabolic syndrome (obesity, high blood pressure, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, high triglyceride level, and high fasting blood glucose level) was more likely to eat quickly (Korea, 2009, 7 081 adults)

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